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【引用】2012年湖北七(市)州高三年级联合考试英语试题  

2012-04-21 23:50:44|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2012年湖北七(市)州高三年级联合考试

   

 

全卷满分150分,考试用时120分钟。

 

   祝考试顺利

 

注意事项:

1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。

2. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮檫干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。

3. 完成句子和短文写作题的作答:用0.5毫米黑色签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的区域内。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。

4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

 

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案划在试卷上,录音结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答

题卡上。

第一节:(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,

并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小

题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What’s the weather like according to the radio?

A. Hot.                                B. Warm.                            C. Cold.

2. What do we know about the dog?

A. It bit the woman.                 B. It knocked down the woman’s door.

C. It made a mess outside the woman’s door.

3. Where are they most possibly?

A. At the post office.           B. At the bookstore.               C. At the bank.

4. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Some singers.                                   B. A live concert.                        C. A record.

5. What will the man do next?

A. Get the candle.                B. Give a phone call.             C. Work on his report.

第二节:(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6.       What is wrong with the woman?
A
She hurt her hand.                BShe hurt her leg.             CShe had a headache.

7. What does the man advise the woman to do?
A
Ask for leave.                     BSee a doctor.                  CGo back home.
听第7段材料,回答第810题。

8. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

AColleagues.                       BClassmates.                    CCousins.

9.       What was the man worried about at the beginning?
A
His presentation.                 BHis trip.                         CHis weekend activities.

10.   What will the woman do over the weekend?
A
Take a course test.               BHave a family party.      
C
Study in California.

听第8段材料,回答第1113题。

11. Why did the man talk to the woman?

  A. He wanted to buy a house.     

B. He wanted to get a job.    

C. He wanted to rent a flat.

12. What is the flat the man is interested in?

  A. It has a bathroom and one bedroom.

B. It has two bedrooms and a sitting room.

  C. It has a kitchen but it hasn’t a bathroom.

13. How much will the man pay for the biggest one each year?

  A.3,600 dollars.      B.2,400 dollars.          C.3,000 dollars.

听第9段材料,回答第1416题。

14.   Why doesn’t the woman need to work this term?
A
She has got enough money from her parents.                    

BShe has saved quite a bit of money from the library job.   

CShe has earned enough money from the summer job.

15.   What’s the students’ attitude towards Professor Stillwell”s class?
A
Positive.                             BNegative.                       CNeutral.

16.   What can we know about Professor Atkins?
A
She is humorous.                 

BShe knows many subjects well.                                       

C.  She has a great sense of responsibility.
听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What has alarmed the police?

A. Stealing the cars      B. Robbing into the room      C. Fighting in the streets
18. How many car thefts were reported last week?
A. 20       B. 22     C. 24

19. Why was one car falsely reported missing?

A. The owner wanted to get money.     

B. The owner forgot where the car was parked.    

C. The owner changed the car number.

20. What did the police advise the car owners to do?

A. Buy more locks for the cars.      

B. Don’t park the cars on the roadside.    

C. Lock up their cars wherever they are kept

第二部分:英语语言知识运用(共两节,满分30)

第一节:多项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. It is a good idea to make a brief _________ of the main points of your speech to get yourself across to the audience.

A. comment   B. summary   C. guide      D. framework

22. China, in company with other peace-loving countries, has consistently stood for the complete __________ of the use of nuclear weapons.

A. declaration   B. inspiration    C. prohibition  D. recognition

23. Putin has won the Russian’s presidential election as expected, over which many hold the opinion that he ___________ it in terms of his contribution to the country.

A. permits        B. deserves     C. admits             D. preserves

24. There is a growing tendency for people to do shopping on the Internet. But sometimes it’s difficult to __________ quality of the products.

A. assume       B. suppose     C. measure       D. ensure

25. In the 1990s, Mr. Bean became a star using mime to _________ difficult social situations much as Charlie Chaplin had done.

A. highlight      B. overlook        C. assess               D. update

26. A charity campaign to offer care to the elderly in our city attracted many participants on March 5 --- "Learn from Lei Feng Day", a day _________ to honor the spirit of helping others.

A. set down        B. set about      C. set aside           D. set back

27. Her adaptable mind is always open to new knowledge and ________of others' viewpoints, which makes her popular with her colleagues.

  A. particular  B. tolerant        C. jealous            D. ambitious

28. The named ticket system, where_________ ID is needed when people purchase tickets, was first introduced during the Spring Festival this year.

A. stable      B. universal      C. favorable              D. valid

29. E-mails, though _________ exposed to misleading information, are considered far more convenient than traditional letters.

A. occasionally      B. especially   C. originally           D. naturally

30. Currently, some overseas universities are simply selling diplomas to Chinese students __________ their academic performance, so China should check in a regular basis.

A. on account of    B. in addition to   C. regardless of        D. in relation to

第二节 完形填空 (20小题,每小题1分,满分20)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was the old lady's birthday. She got up early to be ready for the post. From the second floor flat she could see the postman when he came down the street, and a little boy, Johnnie, _ _31___ her letters from the ground floor on the rare_ _32___ when anything came.
        Today she was sure there would be something. Myra_ _33___ forget her mother's birthday, even if she _ _34___ wrote at other times. Of course Myra was busy, but _ _35___, Enid, the daughter the old lady loved most, died two years ago. Since then Myra had been to see her mother three times, but her husband, Harold, never. 

The old lady was eighty today. She had put on her best dress. Perhaps--perhaps Myra might come. After all, eighty was a _ _36___ birthday, another decade lined or tolerated just as you chose to look at it. _ _37___Myra did not come, she would send a present. The old lady was _ _38___ of that. Two spots of colour _ _39___ her cheeks. She was _ _40___ like a child. She would enjoy her day!
    Now, she stood by the window, _ _41___. The postman turned round the corner on his bicycle. Her heart beat _ _42___. Johnnie had seen him too and ran to the gate. Then clatter (
咔嗒声), clatter up the stairs. Johnnie knocked at her door. He had got her post---four envelopes. Three were unclosed cards from old friends. The fourth was closed, in Myra's writing. The old lady felt a sharp pain of _ _43___.There was no parcel for her! Maybe the parcel was too large to come by letter post. That was it. It would come later by parcel post. She said to herself. She must be _ _44___.

Almost _ _45___she tore the envelope open. _ _46___in the card was a piece of paper. Written on the card was a message under the printed Happy Birthday --- Buy yourself something nice with the _ _47___, Myra and Harold. The cheque moved quickly to and fro in the air to the floor like a bird with a broken wing. Slowly the old lady _ _48___to pick it up. Her present! her _ _49___ present! With _ _50___fingers she tore it into little bits.

31. A. took away         B. brought up          C. moved off         D. set down

32. A. occasion         B. opportunity            C. ceremony          D. anniversary

33. A. mustn’t           B. mightn’t            C. wouldn’t        D. needn’t

34. A. occasionally       B. always             C. almost          D. seldom

35. A. unhappily      B. unfortunately          C. unforgettably    D. unkindly

36. A. casual             B. remote               C. special          D. conventional

37. A. Even if          B. So that         C. In case      D. Now that

38. A. proud           B. capable            C. sure          D. afraid

39. A. sharpened         B. weakened          C. widened         D. brightened

40. A. excited           B. alarmed             C. inspired         D. satisfied

41. A. thinking          B. imagining           C. welcoming       D. watching

42. A. steadily            B. wildly              C. nervously        D. randomly

43. A. discontent         B. loneliness           C. disappointment    D. annoyance

44. A. patient            B. anxious              C. urgent          D. mild

45. A. immediately       B. cheerfully           C. angrily           D. unwillingly

46. A. Pinned          B. Folded              C. Lined          D. Roped

47. A. card             B. bonus              C. cheque            D. cash

48. A. bent             B. leaned              C. struggled          D. stretched

49. A. painful           B. sad                C. expensive         D. lovely

50. A. moving         B. trembling           C. reacting          D. freezing

 

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

 

At the age of ten I could not figure out what this Elvis Presley guy had that the rest of us boys did not have. I mean, he had a head, two arms and two legs, just like the rest of us. About nine o’clock on Saturday morning I decided to ask Eugene Correthers, one of the older boys, what it was that made this Elvis guy so special. He told me that it was Elvis’ wavy hair and the way he moved his body.

  About half an hour later all the boys in the orphanage(孤儿院)were called to the main dining-room and told we were all going to downtown Jacksonville, Florida to get a new pair of Buster Brown shoes and a hair cut. That is when I got this big idea, which hit me like a ton of bricks. If the Elvis hair cut was the big secret, then that’s what I was going to get.

     All the way to town I told everybody, including the matron(女管家)from the orphanage who was taking us to town, that I was going to look just like Elvis Presley and that I would learn to move around just like he did and that I would be rich and famous one day, just like him.

     When I got my new Buster Brown shoes, I could hardly wait for my new hair cut and now that I had my new Buster Brown shoes I would be very happy to go back to the orphanage and practice being like Elvis.

     We finally arrived at the big barber shop, where they cut our hair for free because we were orphans(孤儿). I looked at the barber and said, “I want an Elvis hair cut. Can you make my hair like Elvis?” I asked him, with a big smile on my face. “Let’s just see what we can do for you, little man,” he said. I was so happy when he started to cut my hair. Just as he started to cut my hair, the matron signed for him to come over to where she was standing. She whispered something into his ear and then he shook his head, like he was telling her “No”. Then he told me they were not allowed to give us Elvis hair cuts. Then I saw my hair falling onto the floor.

 

51.In the author’s eyes, Elvis Presley was ______________.

  A. disgusting        B. admirable          C. ambitious           D. dynamic 

52.  From the passage, we can know that ______________.

  A. Buster Brown was more appealing than Elvis Presley

  B. An Elvis hair cut cost the orphans a lot of money

  C. The author was fascinated with the stars Buster and Elvis

  D. The barber was unwilling to give the boy an Elvis hair cut

53. We can learn from the underlined sentence that the boy was ______________.

  A. excited to have an Elvis hair cut

  B. worried to think about the secret

  C. anxious to remove the ton of bricks

  D. careful to seize the chance

54. How would the boy probably feel when he walked out of the barber shop?

  A. Delighted.          B. Guilty.             C. Self-satisfied.          D. Depressed.

 

       B

 Talking plants might sound like characters in a fairy tale. But recent scientific studies have shown that plants communicate with each other and with other living things in a surprising number of ways. To understand them, scientists say, we just have to learn their language. Farmers are especially interested in what plants have to say.

“Plants are able to communicate with all sorts of organisms (有机体). They can communicate with giant bacteria, with other plants and with insects. They do this chemically,” said Cahill, an Ecology Professor of the University of Alberta in Canada.
   Plant scientists are just beginning to understand this chemical “ language”. Cahill says studies have shown, for example, that plants can evaluate conditions in their immediate environment and take appropriate actions. Plants have an ability, for example, to signal pain or discomfort caused by anything from temperature extremes to an insect attack. Jack Schultz, a professor of chemical ecology at the University of Missouri, says when a plant senses that it’s being eaten, it cannot walk away from trouble; on the contrary, it will release a chemical vapor that alerts other plants nearby.
   “Their language is a chemical language, and it involves chemicals that move through the air that are easy to be changeable, and most of all are smells that we are familiar with,” Schultz explained.
    “All plants responded to the attack by changing their chemistry to defend themselves,” Schultz recalled. “But we were quite surprised to find that nearby plants also changed their chemistry to defend themselves, even though they were not part of the experiment.”  
   Studies have also shown that plants under attack release pleasant chemicals. Those chemicals attract friendly insects that attack the pests eating the plant. 

In the end, plants’ ability to communicate their needs---and our ability to understand them---  could help farmers reduce the use of poisonous chemicals, cut operating costs and limit damage to the environment.

55. The recent scientific studies have shown that plants can ______________.

 A. communicate with other living things in a chemical way

 B. hardly react to any sudden change in temperature

 C. use a very special chemical language which is familiar to us

D. respond to the attack by giving off poisonous chemicals

56.When being eaten by an insect, the plant will ______________.

A. walk away from trouble

B. change its chemistry to kill the insect

C. release a chemical vapor to “ask” other plants for help

D. give off nice chemicals to attract friendly insects killing the pest

57.The underlined word “alert” most probably means “______________”.

    A. warn            B. protect           C. threaten           D. allow

58. Which would be the best title for the passage?

    A. Communication between Plants        B. A Chemical “Language”

    C. Plants Can Talk                     D. How Plants Protect Themselves

 

C

During the fall months at high school guidance counseling programs, juniors run to the stage to participate in an exercise to help them understand that it is not “where you go” that matters. They hold posters with the names and faces of famous people while their peers (同龄人) and parents shout out with confidence the names of elite (精英) colleges they assume the celebrities attended. The “oohs” and “aahs” follow when they learn that Steven Spielberg, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates dropped out of college, that Oprah Winfrey is a graduate of Tennessee State and that Ken Burns graduated from Hampshire College. If even a few stressed students and their anxious parents benefit from this information, it is a worthwhile exercise.

Even better is giving the students a task to identify the happy, successful people in their own circle of family, friends, co-workers and neighbors and challenging them to go and ask “if or where they went to college” as a means of broadening the conversation in their search for a life after high school.

The key to success in college and beyond has more to do with what students do with their time during college than where they choose to attend. A long-term study of 6,335 college graduates published by the National Bureau of Economic Research found that graduating from a college where entering students have higher SAT scores -- one marker of elite colleges --- didn’t pay off in higher post-graduation income. Researchers found that students who applied to several elite schools but didn’t attend them --- either because of rejection or by their own choice --- are more likely to earn high incomes later than students who actually attended elite schools.

In a summary of the findings, the bureau says that “evidently, students’ motivation, ambition and desire to learn have a much stronger effect on their future success than average academic ability of their classmates.”

The late author Loren Pope, who wrote Looking Beyond the Ivy League and Colleges That Change Lives, noted that the greater the opportunity for engagement and critical, creative and cooperative learning with staff, peers and community, the more likely the chance for future success.

 

59. The purpose of the guidance counseling programs is to help students ______________.

A.     apply for suitable colleges

B.      learn about college life

C.      choose the most famous colleges

D.     know about famous graduates

60. Ken Burns’ example shows that the successful people ______________.

 A. don’t need support from their friends                 

B. have their own circle of family

    C. don’t necessarily graduate from a famous college

    D. graduate from a famous college   

61. What contributes most to students’ success in college and after graduation is ______________.

A. whether they enter the elite college or not

B. whether they have spared no effort in college or not

C. whether they possess a higher SAT scores or not

D. whether they have famous schoolmates or not

62. According to Loren Pope, future success depends more on ______________.

A. staff, peers and community

B. motivation, ambition and desire to succeed

C. average academic ability of the classmates

D. creation, cooperation and opportunity

 

      D

Competition. It’s a simple word, yet a very complex word that covers many angles when it comes to how gasoline prices are determined. It seems so easy to explain, but don’t let that trick you—it’s incredibly difficult to explain and adequately understand.

Say you’re on a Sunday afternoon drive, and notice a gas station near you charging $3.50. Down the road a few miles, that price could easily be 10 or more cents higher or lower. The question is “how” or “why” is that? Think of it this way. Are you more likely to get a better deal on a car if there are two similar car dealers next to each other? Perhaps, because the dealers are too close. Say there is a third similar car dealer miles away. Is he going to be at the same level of competition and sell his cars for the same price as the two dealers next to each other? Likely not. He may charge more or less. Maybe people don't know there are two other dealers down the road. Maybe the dealer is almost outside of the city and the land value isn't as high, so his taxes aren't as high.

These situations do take place at gas stations. And more factors can impact what a station will charge. Timing can greatly impact what price a station charges as well! Many motorists fail to realize that the price a station pays for gasoline changes daily. If one station gets lucky and buys gas on Monday and the cost goes up Tuesday, the station that bought on Monday doesn’t necessarily have to raise prices like the station that bought on Tuesday. Maybe the station that got caught buying for a higher price on Tuesday will pass that higher cost on by raising its gas price.

Perhaps the difference is what brand the station is---branded stations usually pay a slightly higher cost for their gasoline. In return for paying a higher cost, those stations are guaranteed first supply in case of emergency situations. Independent stations don’t pay as much, but aren’t guaranteed supply.

While competition sounds easy to understand, there are always a large number of factors that could influence what one station charges. Keep in mind how many variables (变数) there are next time you fill up.

 

63.What could be the best title for the passage?

A. How Competition Impacts Gas Prices

  B. Gas Prices Go Up or Down

  C. Competition---a Very Complex Word

  D. We Can’t Stress Enough the Need for Competition 

64. The example of car dealers is used to show ______________.

  A. car prices are determined by car dealers

  B. location is an important factor in pricing

  C. the quality of service matters most

  D. dealing strategy should be flexible

65. The gas prices of a station always change partly because ______________.

  A. a gas station always wants to charge more

  B. the gasoline is in great demand

  C. the cost of the gas the station buys varies daily

  D. gas is in greater need on Monday

66. According to the passage, branded stations ______________.

  A. spend less money on their gasoline

  B. have more staff than independent stations

  C. charge less for high quality oil

  D. offer a steady oil supply

E

Research has long backed the therapeutic (治疗的) value of diary-keeping for teenage girls and boys. But according to a new study, when teenagers detail their sadness onto a blog, the therapeutic value is even greater. Blogging, it seems, can be good for you.

    The study, published in the journal Psychological Services and conducted by Meyran Boniel-Nissim and Azy Barak, psychology professors at the University of Haifa, Israel, found the contact with an online community through a blog made it more effective in relieving (解除) the writer’s social anxiety than a private diary would be.

    To track teenagers’ experiences with blogging, the researchers randomly surveyed high school students in Israel and selected 161 of them who exhibited some level of social anxiety or stress. The teenagers, who averaged 15 years old, said they had difficulty making new friends or relating to their existing friends.

    The teenagers were divided into six groups. The first two groups were asked to blog about their social difficulties, with one group asked to open their posts to comments. The second two groups were asked to blog about whatever struck their adolescent fancy; again, with one group allowing comments. All four groups were told to write in their blogs at least twice a week. As a control, two more groups were told to keep either an old-fashioned print diary or to do nothing at all.

    All of their blog records were then read through by four psychologists to determine the authors’ relative social and emotional state. In all the groups, the greatest improvement in mood occurred among those bloggers who wrote about their problems and allowed commenters to respond.

Interestingly, the commenters on the blogs were quite supportive. “The only kind of surprise we had was that almost all comments made by readers were very positive and constructive in trying to offer support for anxious bloggers,” Dr. Barak wrote in an e-mail.

 

67.   Compared with the traditional diary, the main advantage of blogging is that _____________.

A. you can write almost anything in a blog

B. you can make complaints in a blog

C. you can keep in touch with others through your blog

D. you can improve your emotional state through your blog

68.   The researchers surveyed the students in Israel in order to ______________.

A. make us believe that blogging is a must for teenagers

B. prove blogging is more effective in solving teens’ emotional problems

C. find out their social and emotional state and help them out

D. check if blogging can help improve teens’ emotional state

69.   In the most improved group, the bloggers ______________.

A. wrote at most twice a week

B. told others whatever they wanted about themselves

C. communicated with readers about their troubles

D. made their social difficulties known to researchers only

70.   The main idea of the last paragraph is that bloggers can ______________.

A. support anything they like

B. make new friends with anyone

C. turn to the psychology experts for help

D. receive beneficial messages from readers

 

第四部分:书面表达(满分50)

第一节  完成句子(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

根据句末括号内的英语单词和汉语句子提示,完成下列句子。

 71. By the time we take the 2012 College Entrance Exam, we ______________ more than 3,500 words. (master)

 到我们参加2012年高考时,我们将会掌握3500多个单词。

72. Not ______________ by a well-known company doesn’t necessarily mean that you have no bright future. (employ)

      不被知名的公司录用并不一定意味着你没有美好的未来。

 73. It is required that all high school students ______________ to use cell phones at school. (allow)

    所有高中都有规定,学生在校内不准使用手机。

  74. No matter ______________, people are unlikely to be persuaded if the product is unsuitable for them. (good)

     一则广告无论多好,如果产品不合适,也不可能使人信服。

   75. As is known to all, practice makes perfect. ______________, the more fluent English you will speak. (practice)

      众所周知,熟能生巧。你练习得越多,你的英语口语就会越好。

   76. The typical cases ______________ will be introduced to readers to warn them of potential risks.  (cheat)

        消费者被骗的典型事例将被介绍给读者以提醒他们潜在的风险。

    77. The driver was to blame for the accident. Not only ______________ too much alcohol, but he drove beyond limitation. (drink)

      那个司机该对事故负责。他不仅喝了很多酒,还超速驾驶。

   78.Misunderstandings arising from lack of communication, unless properly ______________, may lead to serious problems. (deal) 

        除非处理得当,要不然因缺乏交流引起的误解可能会导致严重的问题。

   79. In fact, it is the mental addiction rather than the physical effects ______________ to quit smoking. (make)

     事实上,让戒烟困难的不是生理上的影响,而是精神上的依赖。

  80. Tom ______________ basketball now. I saw him cleaning the classroom just a moment ago. (play) 

    汤姆现在肯定不在打篮球。就在刚才我还看见他在打扫教室。

第二节 短文写作  (满分30)

    请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文。

        Never be afraid of making mistakes. Factually, making progress is making mistakes. Mistakes reveal where success lies.

      注意:(1)无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

                2)除诗歌外,文体不限;

                3)文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

                4)词数为120左右。

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